How To Start an LLC in New York

Gabrielle Sinacola | Mar 11, 2024

How To Start an LLC in New York

With the surge in new business formations, particularly LLCs, it’s evident that entrepreneurs and business visionaries are actively seeking efficient, legally sound, and beneficial ways to set up their business structures.

If you’re thinking about establishing a limited liability company in New York, this guide is for you. We’re providing you with a clear, step-by-step approach to forming an LLC in New York, highlighting the essential aspects that every future NY LLC owner should know.

What Is an LLC?

A limited liability company (LLC) is a flexible form of business enterprise that blends elements of partnership and corporate structures. It’s a legal form of a company that provides limited liability protection to its owners in most jurisdictions.

LLCs are well-regarded for their flexibility in taxation and organization, along with the protection they offer against personal liabilities.

What Are the Pros and Cons of Starting an LLC in New York?

You want to make the best decisions for your business. Knowing the pros and cons of starting an LLC in New York will allow you to do just that.


Some main advantages of starting an LLC in New York are:

  • Limited Personal Liability: LLC owners are typically not personally responsible for business debts and liabilities. This means personal assets remain protected in most scenarios.
  • Tax Advantages: LLCs benefit from pass-through taxation, meaning the company’s income is only taxed at the individual owners’ level, avoiding double taxation.
  • Flexibility: LLCs offer considerable flexibility in management and operation, allowing owners to structure their business as they see fit.
  • Credibility: Forming an LLC business can enhance a company’s credibility with potential customers, vendors, and partners.


However, there can also be a few drawbacks. These include:

  • Publication Requirement: Unique to New York, LLCs must fulfill a publication requirement, which can be costly and time-consuming.
  • Variable Costs: Fees and regulations can vary significantly depending on the county, adding complexity to the process.
  • Compliance: LLCs in New York are subject to specific compliance requirements, like the necessity of an operating agreement and biennial statements. This can be challenging for some New York business owners to navigate.

Now that you’ve had the opportunity to weigh the pros and cons of forming an LLC in New York, we can shift our focus to the detailed steps of formation.

How To Start an LLC in New York

Embarking on the journey of establishing an LLC in New York is a strategic move for business owners. It’s a process that intertwines legal formalities with business vision.

Here’s a detailed look at the steps to kickstart your LLC in the Empire State:

1. Select a Name for Your LLC

First things first. You need to give a name to your New York LLC. It’s not just a label; it’s your business’s identity. Ensure your chosen LLC name is unique and adheres to New York’s naming guidelines. It must include “Limited Liability Company” or its abbreviations (“LLC” or “L.L.C.”).

Use the New York Secretary of State Division of Corporations database to perform a name search to check availability. You can then secure your LLC name by filing a Name Reservation form, if necessary. Remember, your business name is the first impression of your business ethos.

Next up, you need an address where all your crucial legal documents will be sent. The New York Department of State must have a reliable location to forward legal formation documents, tax information, and compliance communications. This address is pivotal in keeping your LLC in the loop of all official correspondence.

3. Choose a Registered Agent

The role of a registered agent is crucial. This agent or entity is your LLC’s official point of contact for legal documents and government correspondence.

In New York, you have options:

  • Self-Appointment: If you or a business co-owner reside in New York, you could appoint yourselves. Cost-effective, yes, but ensure availability to handle vital documents.
  • Appoint an Employee: A trustworthy, always-present employee could also fit the bill.
  • Third-Party Services: A New York registered agent service is another choice. They’ll handle your legal documents with expertise, but costs can vary.
  • Mosey: Integrating seamlessly with your existing compliance tools, Mosey can act as your registered agent, offering digital and prompt notifications of important mail without the extra cost of traditional third-party services.

4. File Articles of Organization

Your LLC becomes official with the filing of New York Articles of Organization. This key document, submitted to the New York Department of State, solidifies your LLC’s existence. It includes fundamental details about your LLC, like its name, address, and the nature of its business. It’s a declaration to the state of your business’s birth and intent.

5. Publish Articles of Organization in Two Different Newspapers

Unique to New York, your LLC must announce its formation by publishing in two newspapers. This step, mandated by the state, involves publishing notices for six consecutive weeks affirming your LLC’s legitimacy and public presence.

6. Generate an LLC Operating Agreement

An LLC Operating Agreement is the backbone of your LLC’s structure and operations. In New York, it’s a legal requirement. This written Operating Agreement delineates the rights, responsibilities, and procedures among LLC members, ensuring everyone is on the same page.

7. Receive Certification From the State

Upon fulfilling the aforementioned steps, the New York State Department will certify your LLC. This certification is your green light, indicating that your LLC is legally recognized and ready to embark on its business journey.

8. Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

Last but not least, your LLC needs an EIN from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Think of it as a Social Security number for your business. It’s essential for tax purposes and crucial if you plan to hire employees.

Each step in this process is a building block in creating a compliant LLC in New York. From naming your LLC to obtaining your EIN, every stage is pivotal in laying a strong foundation for your business’s future.

As you navigate these steps, remember that tools like Mosey can simplify and streamline the process, ensuring your compliance and peace of mind. With this guide, you’re well on your way to starting your LLC in New York — a journey toward entrepreneurship and success.

How Much Does It Cost To Establish an LLC in New York?

Establishing an LLC in New York is an investment in your business’s future, and like any investment, it comes with its costs.

Here’s a breakdown of the expenses you can generally expect:

  • Filing the Articles of Organization: The foundational step, filing these documents with the New York Department of State, incurs a filing fee of $200. This fee is a mandatory starting point for your LLC journey.
  • Name Reservation Fee: If you opt to reserve your LLC name beforehand, it’s a $20 fee payable to the Department of State.
  • Registered Agent Fees: Depending on your choice of a registered agent — be it a service, an employee, or Mosey’s integrated compliance management platform — costs can vary.
  • Publication Requirement: Perhaps the most variable cost, publishing in two newspapers as per state law, can differ widely based on the county. This process involves consecutive weeks of publication, followed by submitting an affidavit of publication and a certificate of publication to the state, adding a $50 filing fee.
  • Biennial Statement: Every two years, your LLC must file a biennial statement with a filing fee of $9 to keep the state updated.

It’s important to be aware that you may be responsible for additional costs, as well. These may include state fees for business licenses, DBA (doing business as an assumed name) filing, professional services, and setting up a business bank account or credit card. These vary based on specific business needs and operations.

A Final Word on Starting an LLC in New York

Deciding to form an LLC in New York marks the beginning of a promising business venture — but it’s also a pathway lined with legal steps and compliance measures. From choosing a unique LLC name to fulfilling the distinct publication requirement, every stage needs proper attention and precision.

Because there are multiple layers of compliance and paperwork involved, the formation process can be intimidating to busy entrepreneurs and small business owners. And once you’re up and running, then what? This is where Mosey steps in — a tool designed to simplify and streamline the complexities of LLC compliance.

Mosey’s platform integrates seamlessly with the necessary steps after LLC formation, offering services like acting as your registered agent and keeping you informed and on track with all your compliance obligations.

As your business grows and evolves, Mosey is right there with you to ensure your journey is smooth and stress-free. From the NY Department of State filings to the nuances of payroll requirements, Mosey is your guide and ally. Book a demo today to take advantage.

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